Medusa, from the Greek, means “sovereign female wisdom,” and represents a Mycenaean variant, imported via Crete from Libya, of the Mother Serpent God who created the world, and with it the secrets of birth, immortality (the snake was thought to shed its skin endlessly), the cycles of time, healing, prophecy, sexuality and the thresholds between worlds. She was regionally known as Ianna in Sumer, Ishtar in Babylon, Au Zit/Set/Hathor in Egypt, Ashtoreh in Byblos, Astarte in Phoenicia, Ashereh in Canaan, and Athena in Greece, among many other manifestations of the Divine Feminine.

Sources: William A. Sigler, Merlin Stone